Scientific Name: Abelmoschus esculentus Moench, Hibiscus esculentis Linn
Common Names : Okra, Gumbo, Lady fingers (English), Huang su kui (Chinese), Gombo (Spanish), bhindi (Hindi/Urdu), krachiap mon (Thailand), bamya (Arab Ochro, Okoro, Quimgombo, Quingumbo,
Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus Moench, Hibiscus esculentis Linn), known in many English-speaking countries as lady's fingers or gumbo, is a flowering plant in the mallow family. Okra is an annual herb that is widely cultivated for its edible green seed pods in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate climates. Okra is a hardy plant that can grow even with less water and in hot conditions.
Okra is somewhat related to cotton and hollyhock. Okra plant can grow up to 9 feet in height with heart shaped leaves that is palmate with 5 to 7 lobes. Okra flowers are large with 5 petals colored white or yellow and sometimes with a reddish-purple base. Okra seed pods are 3 to 10 inches in length about ½ to 1 inch wide. Okra fruit or pod is usually green in color with a new red variety. It is tapering in shape with ribs along its length.
Okra fruit is valued as vegetable, harvested while young and has mucus-like juice that is used to thicken stews (gumbo). Okra is also known for its nutritional value and offers varieties of health benefits.